Boeing-Stearman PT-27 (Model D-75N1)

Boeing-Stearman PT-27 (Model D-75N1)

Boeing-Stearman PT-27 (Model D-75N1)

The Boeing-Stearman PT-27 was the designation for 300 Model 75 primary trainers produced to go to Canada under Lend-Lease. In Canada the PT-27 was officially called the 'Kaydet'. Canada was the only place where this was the type's official name, but it was also adopted elsewhere.

The PT-27 was a two seat single-bay biplane. The fuselage was built around a welded steel tube framework, the wings around a wooden framework, both fabric covered. It had a fixed undercarriage with single faired legs.

The PT-27 was powered by the Continental R-670-R engine, and was similar to the USAAF's PT-17, but adapted for use in winter weather. They were delivered between February and October 1942.

Some of the Canadian aircraft were given cockpit canopies, cockpit heating, full blind flying instruments and a hood for instrument flying.

Engine: Continental R-670-R engine
Power: 220hp
Crew: 2
Span: 32ft 2in
Length: 24ft 1/4in
Height: 9ft 2in
Empty Weight: 1,936lb
Loaded Weight: 2,717lb
Maximum Speed: 124mph
Cruising Speed: 106mph
Climb rate: 840ft/ min
Ceiling: 11,200ft
Range: 505 miles


Boeing-Stearman PT-27 (Model D-75N1) - History

Boeing Stearman PT-17 Kaydet

Data current to 30 April 2021.

(RCAF Photo)

Boeing Stearman PT-17 Kaydet, RCAF (Serial No. FJ852).

The RCAF was supplied with 300 Stearman PT-17 biplane trainers in the summer of 1942, to expand its fleet of basic trainers. They served with No. 3 Flying Instructors’ School, Arnprior, Ontario and four Elementary Flying Training Schools, in the Prairies. After about four months they were traded in for Fairchild Cornells, because the open cockpit was found unsuitable for winter training.

Boeing-Stearman A-75N1/PT-17 Kaydet (1), (Serial No. 41-25453), D-75N1/PT-27 Kaydet (300), (Serial Nos. FD968-FD99, FJ741-FJ999, FK100-FK108), for a total of 301 aircraft.

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3582884)

Cockpit view of Boeing Stearman D-75N1.

(Library and Archives Canada Photo, MIKAN No. 3582154)


Boeing-Stearman PT-27 (Model D-75N1) - History

Constructed as a PT-27 by Boeing.

Taken on Strength/Charge with the United States Army Air Force with s/n 42-15710.

Taken on Strength/Charge with the Royal Canadian Air Force with s/n FJ839.
For Empire Air Training Scheme.

To unknown owner with c/r N48780.

Involved in an incident.
Summarized NTSB narrative from report number LAX66F0125: There were no fatalities. Incident occurred at 19:20 hours. The damage was substantial. Collided with the crop while on a crop dusting run. The aircraft nosed over on touch down. Report remarks include: Night operation. Incident occurred at or near Holtville, CA.
For a complete description of the event read the NTSB Report.

To Watt Donald DSR, Hampton, VA keeping c/r N48780.

Certificate of airworthiness for N48780 (D75N1, 75-3899) issued.

To William G. Sizemore, Kilmarnock, VA keeping c/r N48780.

Hidden: CRHIDDEN
Owner: Sizemore William G, Kilmarnock, VA
CR: N48780, D75N1, 75-3899

Hidden: CRHIDDEN
Owner: Sizemore William G, Kilmarnock, VA
CR: N48780, D75N1, 75-3899

Hidden: CRHIDDEN
Owner: Sizemore William G, Kilmarnock, VA
CR: N48780, D75N1, 75-3899

Hidden: CRHIDDEN
Owner: Sizemore William G, Kilmarnock, VA
CR: N48780, D75N1, 75-3899

Hidden: CRHIDDEN
Owner: Sizemore William G, Kilmarnock, VA
CR: N48780, D75N1, 75-3899

Hidden: CRHIDDEN
Owner: Sizemore William G, Kilmarnock, VA
CR: N48780, D75N1, 75-3899


Photographer: Bob Bennett
Notes: In Bay Bridge Airport, MD.


Variants

The US Army Air Forces Kaydet had three different designations based on its power plant:

  • PT-13, with a Lycoming R-680 engine. 2,141 total all models. [ 2 ]
    • PT-13 Initial production. R-680-B4B engine. 26 built. Boeing Model 75.
    • PT-13A R-680-7 engine. 92 delivered 1937-38. Model A-75.
    • PT-13B R-680-11 engine. 255 delivered 1939-40.
    • PT-13C Six PT-13Bs modified for instrument flying.
    • PT-13D PT-13As equipped with the R-680-17 engine. 353 delivered.
    • PT-17A 18 PT-17s were equipped with blind-flying instrumention.
    • PT-17B Three PT-17s were equipped with agricultural spraying equipment for pest-control.
    • PT-18A Six PT-18s fitted with blind-flying instrumention.

    The US Navy had several versions including:

    • NS-1 Up to 61 delivered. powered by surplus 220 hp (164 kW) Wright J-5 Whirlwind. Model 73. [ 3 ]
    • N2S Known colloquially as the "Yellow Peril" from its overall-yellow paint scheme.
    • N2S-1 R-670-14 engine. 250 delivered to the US Navy.
    • N2S-2 R-680-8 engine. 125 delivered to the US Navy.
    • N2S-3 R-670-4 engine. 1,875 delivered to the US Navy.
    • N2S-4 99 US Army aircraft were diverted to the US Navy, plus 577 new aircraft were delivered to the US Navy.
    • N2S-5 R-680-17 engine. 1,450 delivered to the US Navy.

    Ride Program

    PT-17 STEARMAN

    The Boeing Stearman PT-17 was typical of the biplane primary trainer used during the late 1930s and World War II and one of the most revered by pilots. Powered by a 240 hp seven-cylinder Continental engine, it was respected for its ruggedness, ease of maintenance, low operational costs and flight characteristics. Challenging to an inexperienced pilot was its tendency to ground-loop in cross winds. Over 10,000 were built for both the U.S. Army Air Force and the U.S. Navy and today many have found a new lease of life on the warbird circuit or serving as agricultural crop dusters and spraying aircraft.

    SPECIFIC HISTORY

    The aircraft on display is a typical Boeing PT-17, USAAF serial number 42-16242. This aircraft was purchased surplus from the U.S. Government in February 1946 for $770.00 by a commercial aviation company and used as a pilot trainer until it was sold in January 1955. Over the next 32 years, it would be bought and re-sold seven times before coming to the Museum's collection in 1992.

    AT-6 TEXAN (WWII Advanced Trainer)

    North American Aviation, builder of the B-25 Mitchell bomber and the P-51 Mustang fighter, was also responsible for the design and production of one of the finest training and light attack aircraft in history. The AT-6 evolved from North American’s line of training aircraft that dated from 1935. This series, the BT-9 through BT-14, along with the BC-1, was redesignated the AT (Advanced Trainer) in 1940. The new plane was rapidly integrated into the Army aviation training program as the AT-6. Cadet pilots advanced to the Texan after mastering flying skills in the Stearman Kaydet PT (Primary Trainer), and the Vultee Valiant BT (Basic Trainer). U.S. Navy student pilots also flew the North American product which carried the Navy’s designation of SNJ. During World War II, the plane was utilized in training and attack roles by several nations, including Great Britain, Canada, Australia and the Soviet Union.

    Use of the Texan continued into the post war period. In 1947, the plane was redesignated as the AT-6 by the newly established U.S. Air Force and remained in active service in this country until 1958. The aircraft has also performed in the armed forces of over fifty nations, including those of France, Israel, Spain, Brazil and New Zealand. Modified BC-1s were known as the Harvard and Yale in Great Britain and Canada, and the Wirraway in Australia. Since the Texan bears a resemblance to many Japanese WWII aircraft, altered AT-6s have represented planes from that nation in films such as Tora, Tora, Tora, and others.

    Many aviation experts consider the Douglas DC-3 to be the most successful aircraft design in history. The military model of this plane was named by General Dwight D. Eisenhower, along with the jeep, the bazooka and the atom bomb, as one of the four weapons that contributed significantly to the allied victory in World War Two. Today, there are still examples of this rugged and reliable aircraft plying the world’s passenger and cargo routes some sixty years after its maiden flight. It is said that a DC-3, or its military version - the C-47, takes off somewhere in the world each day. The Douglas Commercial Three was a refinement of an earlier design, the DC-1. Shortly after its initial flight in December of 1935, the aircraft was ordered by American Airways and started service on the New York to Chicago run. Other airlines, both foreign and domestic, soon began to operate this sleek and modern design commercial carrier. The United States military took an interest and ordered aircraft altered to meet their specifications. These modifications included a stronger cabin floor, a reinforced rear fuselage with large loading doors and more powerful engines. This model was designated the C-47 Skytrain which could be utilized as a cargo hauler, personnel transport, paratroop plane, ambulance and glider tug.
    During World War II, the C-47 was the primary cargo and troop carrier of the American military forces and served with distinction in all theaters of the war. Noteworthy accomplishments of the Skytrooper involved the airborne delivery - by parachute and glider - of combat troops and equipment in the Allied invasions of Sicily, Burma and Normandy. The aircraft was also used by the British Commonwealth nations where it was known as the Dakota and by the Soviet Union.

    SPECIFIC HISTORY

    The C-47B on display, an early version, was built in late 1944 and delivered to the U.S. Army in February 1945. It was sent to Great Britain and stayed there until 1952 when it was transferred to the West German Luftwaffe. In 1962 it was delivered to Sweden where it served with their Air Force until 1982 at which time it returned to the United States for storage in Cleveland, Ohio. In 1996 it was acquired by the museum and arrived here on February 17, 1997. It was then refurbished and converted to a DC-3 with the installation of carpet, seats and a galley and head.

    PBY CATALINA - COMING SOON! YOU'LL BE ABLE TO TAKE A FLIGHT IN THIS FAMOUS SEAPLANE!


    Divisi [ sunting | sunting sumber ]

    Dua divisi terbesar Boeing adalah Boeing Commercial Airplanes dan Boeing Defense, Space & Security (BDS). 𖏶]

    • Boeing Research & Technology
    • Boeing Test & Evaluation
    • Intellectual Property Management
    • Information Technology
    • Environment, Health, and Safety 𖏶]
    • Boeing Realty
    • Boeing Travel Management Company
    • Boeing Supplier Management

    A 1937 Terraplane, a sub-brand of Hudson. Behind is a Stinson SR-8B Reliant with its unusual double-taper wing.

    In the middle is a Stearman Model 70, the one and only prototype of the aircraft that would become the Model 75. Built the year before the company became a subsidiary of Boeing. 

    On the left is a 1930 Stearman 6L Cloudboy, with the more powerful 200 hp engine.

    On the right is a 1930 Laird LC-1B-300, a triple-seat open-cockpit biplane with an unusual aluminum and steel frame. Only four were built, this is the only one.


    Boeing-Stearman PT-27 (Model D-75N1) - History

    This Kaydet was manufactured in 1944 and spent this year as well as 1945 based at Moton
    Field in Tuskegee, Alabama. It served as one of the basic trainer aircraft and played a very
    important part in the history of the African American men that would become known as the
    “Tuskegee Airmen”. These men were part of an experiment to prove to a racially biased white
    America that black men had the ability to learn to fly combat aircraft and earn their pilot wings.
    Those men that successfully passed basic training were transferred to Tuskegee Airfield
    where they trained on more advanced aircraft.

    Specifications Boeing PT-17 Kaydet Stearman
    Crew – 2 x Student Pilot and Instructor
    PT-17 Produced – 3,500 +
    Number of all variants produced – 10,000 +

    Performance
    1 x Continental R-670-5 7 cylinder radial engine producing 220 hp
    Maximum Speed – 124 mph
    Climb Rate – 840 ft/min
    Service Ceiling – 11,200 ft
    Range – 505 miles

    Dimensions
    Length – 24 ft 3 in
    Wingspan – 32 ft 2 in
    Height – 9 ft 2 in


    Solid Model Memories

    These plans are placed here in review of their accuracy and historical content. They are for personal use only and not to be reproduced commercially. Copyrights remain with the original copyright holders and are not the property of Solid Model Memories.

    Please post comment regarding the accuracy of the drawings in the section provided on the individual page of the plan you are reviewing. If you build this model or if you have images of the original subject itself, please let us know. If you are the copyright holder of the work in question and wish to have it removed please contact SMM.

    Registered users can upload plans here for review by an Administrator. They will be moved into a plans subdirectory after review.

    1 files, last one added on Apr 09, 2021
    Album viewed 6749 times

    0 files
    Album viewed 1068 times

    0 files
    Album viewed 0 times

    1 files, last one added on Apr 30, 2010
    Album viewed 6221 times

    7 files, last one added on Apr 27, 2010
    Album viewed 4419 times

    2 files, last one added on Mar 12, 2009
    Album viewed 3269 times

    5 files, last one added on Jun 24, 2011
    Album viewed 6643 times

    3 files, last one added on May 14, 2010
    Album viewed 5060 times

    3 files, last one added on Apr 28, 2008
    Album viewed 2641 times

    8 files, last one added on May 04, 2008
    Album viewed 3849 times

    1 files, last one added on Nov 11, 2010
    Album viewed 3820 times

    1 files, last one added on May 26, 2010
    Album viewed 3565 times

    5 files, last one added on May 14, 2011
    Album viewed 3319 times

    2 files, last one added on Apr 03, 2011
    Album viewed 2684 times

    1 files, last one added on Apr 15, 2008
    Album viewed 3363 times

    27 files, last one added on Nov 18, 2011
    Album viewed 5419 times

    2 files, last one added on Apr 29, 2008
    Album viewed 3505 times

    18 files, last one added on May 02, 2008
    Album viewed 4460 times

    1 files, last one added on Jan 24, 2008
    Album viewed 3937 times

    5 files, last one added on Feb 02, 2008
    Album viewed 4305 times

    6 files, last one added on Feb 03, 2008
    Album viewed 4333 times

    4 files, last one added on Apr 28, 2008
    Album viewed 2114 times

    1 files, last one added on Jan 05, 2008
    Album viewed 2234 times

    6 files, last one added on Apr 24, 2010
    Album viewed 3378 times

    5 files, last one added on Oct 17, 2011
    Album viewed 3373 times

    124 files, last one added on Mar 31, 2020
    Album viewed 3374 times

    7 files, last one added on Feb 19, 2011
    Album viewed 3404 times

    25 files, last one added on May 13, 2011
    Album viewed 3997 times

    4 files, last one added on Apr 27, 2010
    Album viewed 2542 times

    3 files, last one added on Apr 27, 2010
    Album viewed 2468 times

    1 files, last one added on Jun 05, 2012
    Album viewed 1894 times

    1 files, last one added on Jan 05, 2008
    Album viewed 1736 times

    3 files, last one added on Apr 21, 2010
    Album viewed 1395 times

    7 files, last one added on Apr 27, 2010
    Album viewed 2712 times

    3 files, last one added on May 14, 2011
    Album viewed 1125 times

    12 files, last one added on Feb 09, 2009
    Album viewed 2584 times

    12 files, last one added on Jan 13, 2012
    Album viewed 1607 times

    188 files, last one added on Apr 02, 2012
    Album viewed 11881 times

    1 files, last one added on Jan 29, 2009
    Album viewed 4892 times

    28 files, last one added on Dec 10, 2011
    Album viewed 6296 times

    19 files, last one added on Apr 04, 2011
    Album viewed 2907 times

    64 files, last one added on Jul 22, 2012
    Album viewed 5751 times

    8 files, last one added on Jul 23, 2011
    Album viewed 1515 times

    34 files, last one added on Sep 10, 2019
    Album viewed 546 times

    17 files, last one added on Apr 12, 2009
    Album viewed 4124 times

    2 files, last one added on Jan 29, 2009
    Album viewed 4523 times

    67 files, last one added on Mar 19, 2019
    Album viewed 10442 times

    1 files, last one added on Feb 02, 2008
    Album viewed 4598 times

    40 files, last one added on Mar 02, 2008
    Album viewed 5566 times

    1 files, last one added on Nov 10, 2008
    Album viewed 3860 times

    40 files, last one added on Feb 27, 2008
    Album viewed 4134 times

    20 files, last one added on Mar 04, 2008
    Album viewed 2753 times

    20 files, last one added on Aug 12, 2010
    Album viewed 2543 times

    20 files, last one added on Mar 04, 2008
    Album viewed 2473 times

    30 files, last one added on Oct 03, 2010
    Album viewed 2985 times

    20 files, last one added on Apr 01, 2008
    Album viewed 3311 times

    5 files, last one added on Feb 24, 2013
    Album viewed 1489 times

    3 files, last one added on Aug 26, 2012
    Album viewed 1421 times

    4 files, last one added on Aug 07, 2015
    Album viewed 2272 times

    8 files, last one added on Jul 26, 2008
    Album viewed 1144 times

    5 files, last one added on Feb 03, 2008
    Album viewed 839 times

    3 files, last one added on Feb 05, 2008
    Album viewed 518 times

    13 files, last one added on Jul 08, 2010
    Album viewed 794 times

    8 files, last one added on May 31, 2010
    Album viewed 969 times

    A public (members can upload) album for the Flying Boat Cook-Up, started January 2008. No float-planes allowed they must have hulls.

    43 files, last one added on Nov 09, 2009
    Album viewed 727 times

    26 files, last one added on Jun 16, 2009
    Album viewed 770 times

    62 files, last one added on May 03, 2008
    Album viewed 1001 times

    1 files, last one added on Feb 02, 2008
    Album viewed 1257 times

    4 files, last one added on Feb 11, 2008
    Album viewed 639 times

    8 files, last one added on May 02, 2008
    Album viewed 856 times

    36 files, last one added on Jan 14, 2008
    Album viewed 733 times

    16 files, last one added on Apr 15, 2016
    Album viewed 2141 times

    9 files, last one added on Jul 17, 2011
    Album viewed 767 times

    5 files, last one added on May 03, 2008
    Album viewed 673 times

    15 files, last one added on May 22, 2012
    Album viewed 560 times

    32 files, last one added on Apr 04, 2008
    Album viewed 892 times

    World War II collection by Ted Billings dedicated to his uncle Eugene Hartl who served in the 8th air Force in WWII

    14 files, last one added on Jan 20, 2008
    Album viewed 691 times

    4 files, last one added on May 10, 2010
    Album viewed 615 times

    21 files, last one added on Feb 06, 2008
    Album viewed 672 times

    7 files, last one added on Jan 17, 2008
    Album viewed 499 times

    5 files, last one added on May 09, 2008
    Album viewed 1044 times

    8 files, last one added on Mar 11, 2008
    Album viewed 681 times

    8 files, last one added on Mar 09, 2011
    Album viewed 1028 times

    Contributed by former members. If one of your models is here and you wish it removed please let us know.

    10 files, last one added on Mar 25, 2012
    Album viewed 789 times

    A public album for images of kits we'd like to know more about.

    32 files, last one added on Jul 11, 2013
    Album viewed 713 times

    These Graphics are placed here in review of their accuracy and historical content. They are for personal use only and not to be reproduced commercially. Copyrights remain with the original copyright holders and are not the property of Solid Model Memories.

    Please post comment regarding the accuracy of the drawings in the section provided on the individual page of the plan you are reviewing. If you are the copyright holder of the work in question and wish to have it removed please contact SMM.

    Flags, Insignias, Squadron Markings, Details, Lettering and so on.
    Please use keywords to make searching easier.

    88 files, last one added on Dec 03, 2011
    Album viewed 1480 times

    Your own creations or out of print decal sets. Please Don't scan decal sets from in -production kits and place them here. Please use keywords to make searching easier


    Tracey Curtis-Taylor (Merged threads)

    "A few weeks" according to Ewald's site (link is to today's version of the site as saved to the Wayback machine):

    A few weeks after the crash the Spirit of Artemis arrived in our maintenance base in Hungary. a sad moment, but big motivation for everyone of the team to get it flying again, possibly in time for Farnborough 2016.

    Between these pictures are many night and weekend shifts, all in all several thousand workhours, by a dozen of our engineers.

    Less than two months after the crash the Spirit of Artemis is reborn a second time!

    I would imagine the wreck was flown airfreight back to Hungary.

    The most valuable part, the serial plate, would fit in your pocket.

    Does the pallet below the Stearman suggest air freight?

    Not much of the original airframe here.

    FAA Registry shows the following for 3G Classic Aircraft Inc

    31068 5291 PIPER J3C-65
    5323N 75-5809 BOEING E75
    5527N 75-5361 BOEING B75N1
    56200 757813 BOEING B75N1
    5729N 75-8232 BOEING E75
    59GD 2186 RYAN AERONAUTICAL ST3KR
    9478H 75-6833 BOEING B75N1

    but who knows what he has lying around in Hungary, his site shows 9 'new' Stearman available:

    1. Boeing Stearman, Model 75, SN 75 - 07, A75N1 (PT-17)
    2. Boeing Stearman, Model 75, SN 75 - 24, A75N1 (PT-17)
    3. Boeing Stearman, Model 75, SN 75 - 32, A75L300
    4. Boeing Stearman, Model 75, SN 75 - 38, D75N1.. (PT-27)
    5. Boeing Stearman, Model 75, SN 75 - 53, B75N1.. (N2S-5)
    6. Boeing Stearman, Model 75, SN 75 - 58, E-75 . (PT-13D)
    7. Boeing Stearman, Model 75, SN 75 - 78, B75N1.. (N2S-3)
    8. Boeing Stearman, Model 75, SN 75 - 82, E-75. (N2S-5)
    9. Boeing Stearman, Model 75, SN 75 - 85, E-75. (N2S-5)

    What - you mean Marshall Director Terry Holloway?:

    e-Go! - now there's an aircraft that would suit Ms C--T's style down to the ground. I really must refrain from mentioning 'down to the ground' in case it gets mistaken for a reference to the Wreck of Artifice in Arizona.

    Care to post the text of the letter here for everyone to enjoy?

    Another link for the flowchart of who pays / dates / promotes / markets / sponsors / bigs-up / defends who which was posted a few pages ago.

    Sadly, 'liketohelp' can't be added as they departed so swiftly after just 3 posts and within less than a day of joining PPRuNe just to share their pearls of wisdom.

    Kinda thought that was the pilot's obligation, not the "engineer's".

    Thank you Zimbo. I can do some digging now I have that info.

    Having looked at the images on Ewald's site I can add the following to the timeline.

    The image of the wreck of N56200 in the airmail-route hangar USA was taken 12 May 2016.
    The image of the wingless wreck was taken 17 June 2016
    The image of the rebuilt fuselage was taken 26 June 2016
    The image of the rebuilt aircraft was taken 8 July 2016 - image cannot be the first one of the rebuilt aircraft though as the one of its first testflight was taken on 7 July 2016.

    I can discount date setting errors between the images as they were taken using the same camera.

    By my reckoning from wreck to rebirth was no more than 20 days. 17 june to 7 July.

    Make of that what you will. I am not qualified to say if those timings are reasonable or not.

    Kinda thought that was the pilot's obligation, not the "engineer's".

    It's not that straightforward airpolice.

    That same 'solo' misrepresentation has been spouted by her at other [what she would call] 'outreach' 'inspirational' speeches.

    Many of us have heard it in other places other than in that YouTube clip.

    I concur, it's all quite distressing.

    Wasn't there a Chris Huhne and a Vicky Pryce that conspired just once over a frivolous speeding fine.

    Just thinking about the implications here with manufactured deceit, proven lies and the connection with a multi million pound investment company.

    TCT says that she has gone to the Metropolitan Police. This hasn't probably done her any favours once they investigate.

    Striking similarities to the Huhne and Pryce case which came back to bite.

    As the flights were undertaken by a PPL holder, no money will have changed hands except on a cost sharing basis. will it?

    I'm sure I can't be alone in wanting to find answers to the following questions:

    1) What was the incident where Ms C--T claims to have almost died on a French airfield?

    2) What was ever done about the shockloaded engine on the Stearman after it was used to destroy the R44 at Goodwood?

    3) What were the circumstances of Ms C--T's departure from Old Warden? Are the Shuttleworth Collection pilots not bothered by her claiming to have been one of them? "Right Hand Thread', a PM would be treated confidentially.

    4) How was the Wreck of Artifice rebuilt in unbelievably quick time?

    5) What DA allowed Ms C--T to display at Herne Bay, and indeed at any other airshows?

    6) What provisions of Ms C--T's PPL allowed her to earn any money from any of her flying, either from the sponsors or as a Display Pilot as her supporters on Wiki keep on insisting?

    7) Why did Mr Gritsch, as Ms C--T's acknowledged co-pilot she now admits, allow her to break so many regulations and laws, and allow himself to become party to those same breaches, even to allow her to crash the aircraft with him in it? As he was apparently responsible for flight planning, we now learn, should he not have controlled her more wayward departures from safe and legal execution of all of these flights?

    8) As Ms C--T has openly boasted about her crass low flying over breeding whales, are any wildlife and conservation groups interested to investigate what appears to have been a disgraceful attack on the whales according to Ms C--T's own account?

    9) After Ms C--T's apparently pompous and arrogant attack to defend herself from almost certain arrest after one of the many wayward gung-ho showboating events she has described in detail, which might have caused a diplomatic incident which portrays Britain and British subjects in a very poor light, were there any consequences from this incident of which she openly boasts?

    Are there any investigative reporters / journalists about who might have the resources and interest to dig up a scoop from any one of these avenues of investigation?


    Watch the video: Stearman PT-27 Kaydet